What types of defense are most common?

Five types of criminal defense are listed:

  1. Self-Defense: The attorney argues that the defendant committed the crime while defending himself or herself.
  2. Consent Defense: This argument is that although the crime took place, it was consented to by the victim. This type of defense is sometimes used in rape and other sex crimes cases.
  3. Insanity Defense: It is argued that the defendant was insane when he/she committed the crime.
  4. Affirmative Defense: The defendant admits that he/she committed the crime and evidence exists which proves that the crime was committed due to a specific situation.
  5. Coercion and Distress Defense: It is argued that the defendant committed the crime due to pressure from another person.